Mediation in Criminal and Civil Cases

Mediation is a possibility – let's bring about reconciliation

Vantaa Mediation Office's operating area consists of: Askola, Hyvinkää, Järvenpää, Kerava, Lapinjärvi, Loviisa, Myrskylä, Mäntsälä, Nurmijärvi, Pornainen, Porvoo, Pukkila, Sipoo, Tuusula and Vantaa. All municipalities have conference rooms for mediation.

Mediation of criminal cases and disputes is available all over Finland. Participation is voluntary and free of charge. Matters will be impartially and confidentially handled based on the Act on Conciliation in Criminal and Certain Civil Cases (1015/2005).

The parties concerned will meet and address the harms caused by the conflict. The aim is to help the parties find mutually satisfactory solutions to cope with the situation. Mediation issues most commonly handle violence, crimes against property or various kinds of contradictions.

A guardian, trustee and interpreter may participate in mediation. An assistant and support person may also be used in mediation. Mediation requires consent of all the parties concerned. Consent is also required of a minor and his or her guardians, as well as of another legal representative, when required.

Mediators are trained voluntary persons that act under the guidance and supervision of professionals.

Mediation allows the following:

  • to talk about what has happened
  • to be heard
  • to handle events and feelings related to them
  • to assume responsibility for damage caused
  • to reduce the harms caused by the conflict
  • to recover from events
  • to influence further handling of the matter

Mediation can be suggested by

  • a party to the conflict
  • a guardian or trustee
  • the police, prosecutor or other authority

The initiative for mediation is submitted to the mediation office. In case of domestic violence, only the police or prosecutor can initiate mediation proceedings. The professionals of the mediation office will analyze whether the matter is suitable for mediation and advise on all details.

Process of mediation

The mediation office contacts both the parties concerned and tells them about

  • mediation and its significance
  • the different parties' position in mediation
  • support services during and after mediation

If mediation is started, the mediators and participants agree on the meetings. The parties concerned shall actively participate in the negotiation. Events will be handled constructively, by listening to one another.

If the parties receive reconciliation, an agreement will be drawn and signed by all parties. The parties are entitled to interrupt the mediation at any stage. In addition, the mediation personnel may decide to end the mediation process if needed.

After mediation

The solutions on which the parties agree can help repair damages caused by the conflict. The mediation office follows the realization of the agreement. As a result of mediation, the authorities may interrupt court proceedings or take into account the agreement when considering potential punishment.